S-INDEX OF MEDICATIONS & MEDICAL TERMS

SLEEP DEPRIVATION

Sleep deprivation is not a specific disease. It is usually the result of other illnesses and life circumstances that can cause its own symptoms and poor health outcomes. Sleep deprivation means you’re not getting enough sleep. For most adults, the amount of sleep needed for best health is seven to eight hours each night. When you get less sleep than that, as many people do, it can eventually lead to a whole host of health problems.

SERTRALINE HYDROCHLORIDE

SERTRALINE (SER tra leen) is used to treat depression. It may also be used to treat obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, post-trauma stress, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) or social anxiety. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Before taking your dose, you need to dilute the solution in a beverage. Measure your medicine dose using a dropper.

SLEEP STUDY

What is a sleep study? Sleep is a state of relative unconsciousness and stillness of the voluntary muscles (muscles that are controlled at will). The stages of sleep range from light to deep and each 1 has specific characteristics that can be measured. A sleep study consists of a number of medical tests performed at the same time during sleep. The tests measure specific sleep characteristics and help to diagnose sleep disorders.

SPORTS INJURY PREVENTION

Can sports injuries be prevented? Many sports injuries can be prevented by learning about the sport and making sure your child has the necessary protection. Before signing your child up for a sport, you should consider: The temperature. Cooler weather is safer. The playing surface. Some surfaces will reduce the impact on your child’s joints, reducing injuries. Traffic. Sharing the road with automobiles can raise the risk of injury.

SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY

What is spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)? Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease that affects the spinal cord and nerves, resulting in muscle wasting and weakness. What causes spinal muscular atrophy? SMA is an autosomal recessive disease. This means that both males and females are equally affected, and that two copies of the gene, one inherited from each parent, are necessary to have the condition.

SLEEP

Sleep is an essential part of your growing child’s health. The amount of sleep needed changes as the child grows older. Newborns sleep approximately 16 to 17 hours a day, while preschoolers need only about 12 hours a day. Normal sleep has two parts: rapid eye movement (REM) and nonrapid eye movement (NREM). REM is an active form of sleep that is not as deep as NREM sleep. Dreams often happen during REM sleep. NREM sleep is a deep sleep. There are less body movements during this phase.

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES IN ADOLESCENTS

What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)? Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases transmitted through sexual contact. Fifty percent of new STDs occur in people in the age range of 15 to 24 years. Protecting your adolescent from STDs. The best way to prevent your son or daughter from contracting an STD is to advise them to abstain from any type of sexual contact with another person.

SPORTS SAFETY FOR TEENS

Participating in sports is great for teens both physically and psychologically. Sports can increase an adolescent’s physical coordination, fitness, and self-esteem. In addition, sports can teach teens about teamwork and self-discipline. However, because an adolescent’s body is still growing and his or her coordination is still developing, adolescents are more susceptible to sports injuries. Most childhood sports injuries occur due to a handful of risk factors.

SHIN SPLINTS

What are shin splints? Shin splints refers to pain and tenderness along or just behind the large bone in the lower leg (the tibia). Shin splints, also called medial tibia stress syndrome, usually develop after rigorous exercise, sports, or repetitive activity. This repetitive activity can lead to inflammation of the muscles, tendons, and thin layer of tissue covering the bone (the periosteum) of the tibia, causing pain.

SPIROMETERS

What is a spirometer? A spirometer is a device used to determine how well your lungs are working. . Click to Enlarge Spirometry is the measurement of lung function with a spirometer. It’s one of the simplest, most common lung function tests and may be done for any or all of the following reasons: To monitor lung disease. To monitor how well treatment is working. To determine the severity of lung disease. To help determine whether lung disease is restrictive or obstructive.

SWIMMER’S EAR

What is otitis externa? Otitis externa, also called swimmer’s ear, is an inflammation, irritation, or infection of the external ear canal. Swimmer’s ear is caused by fungi or bacteria. Water that remains trapped in the ear canal (when swimming, for example) may provide a source for the growth of bacteria and fungi. What causes swimmer’s ear? Many different factors can increase your child’s chance of developing swimmer’s ear.

SKIN CONDITIONS

The skin is the largest organ of the body, covering the entire body. As the outer protective covering of the body, it is exposed to the environment, making it vulnerable to growths, rashes, discolorations, cysts, burns, injuries, infections, and other disorders. Many common skin disorders require the clinical care of a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview.

SUBSTANCE ABUSE/CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY

What is substance abuse/chemical dependence? The main words used medically to describe substance abuse or addiction include the following: Substance (drug) abuse (alcohol or other drugs). Substance abuse is the medical term used to describe a pattern of substance (drug) use that causes significant problems or distress, such as failure to attend work or school, substance use in dangerous situations (driving a car), substance-related legal problems, or continued substance abuse.

SKIN CANCER

What is skin cancer? Skin cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the skin cells. In the U.S. alone, more than 2 million Americans are expected to be diagnosed in 2013 with nonmelanoma skin cancer, and more than 76,000 are expected to be diagnosed with melanoma, according to the American Cancer Society. What are the different types of skin cancer? There are three main types of skin cancer, including: Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.

STOMACH CANCER

What is stomach cancer? Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is cancer that starts in any part of the stomach. The stomach is just one of many organs located in the abdomen, the area of the body between the chest and the pelvis. What causes stomach cancer? The exact cause of stomach cancer is unknown, although there are many risk factors believed to contribute to cells in the stomach becoming cancerous.

SKIN SWEATING DISORDERS

Sweat glands under the skin produce sweat to help keep the body cool. Sweating increases with warmer temperatures, stress, or nervousness. Sweat consists of water, salt, and other chemicals produced and excreted from the body. Several sweating disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview.

STROKE (BRAIN ATTACK)

Stroke (Brain Attack) Stroke is a serious condition that requires clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below you will find some additional information regarding stroke, for which we have provided a brief overview. History, Signs and Symptoms, Risk Factors, Stroke Statistics, Types, Evaluation Procedures, and Treatment.

SIGMOIDOSCOPY

Colon cancer screening done by sigmoidoscopy — a less invasive, cheaper alternative to colonoscopy — does cut people’s risk of developing or dying from the disease, a new clinical trial finds. Experts said the study, conducted in Norway and reported in the Aug. 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association , confirms the value of sigmoidoscopy screening.

STEM CELLS FOR SPINAL INJURIES

In a step toward using stem cells to treat paralysis, scientists were able to use cells from an elderly man’s skin to regrow nerve connections in rats with damaged spinal cords. Reporting in the Aug. 7 online issue of Neuron , researchers say the human stem cells triggered the growth of numerous axons — the fibers that extend from the body of a neuron (nerve cell) to send electrical impulses.

SHINGLES VACCINE

The shingles vaccine remains effective in older people after they’ve had chemotherapy, a new study finds. “The zoster vaccine has been shown to be safe and effective in elderly adults with healthy immune systems but until now, there has been a lack of data on whether the vaccine remains safe and effective for individuals who might have compromised immune systems resulting from treatments like chemotherapy.

STATINS FOR COLON CANCER

Statins, the widely used cholesterol-lowering drugs, may also boost colorectal cancer survival, according to a new U.K. study. Early research has found that, overall, colon cancer patients who took statins such as Lipitor and Zocor had a 29 percent lower risk of dying from the cancer compared to non-users. Taking the drugs longer than a year reduced the risk even more.