A-INDEX OF MEDICATIONS & MEDICAL TERMS

ANTITUSSIVE COMBINATIONS WITH ANALGESICS ORAL SUSPENSION

Antitussive Combinations with Analgesics Oral suspension What is this medicine? ACETAMINOPHEN; CHLORPHENIRAMINE; DEXTROMETHORPHAN; PHENYLEPHRINE (a set a MEE noe fen; klor fen IR a meen; dex troe meth OR fan; fen il EF rin) is a combination of a pain reliever, an antihistamine, a cough suppressant, and a decongestant. It is used to treat the aches and pains, cough, fever, congestion, runny nose and sneezing of a cold. This medicine will not treat an infection.

ANTIHISTAMINES COMBINATIONS WITH ANALGESICS ORAL SOLUTION

Antihistamines Combinations with Analgesics Oral solution What is this medicine? ACETAMINOPHEN; CHLORPHENIRAMINE; DEXTROMETHORPHAN; PHENYLEPHRINE (a set a MEE noe fen; klor fen IR a meen; dex troe meth OR fan; fen il EF rin) is a combination of a pain reliever, an antihistamine, a cough suppressant, and a decongestant. It is used to treat the aches and pains, cough, fever, congestion, runny nose, and sneezing of a cold. This medicine will not treat an infection.

ALMOTRIPTAN MALATE ORAL TABLET

Almotriptan Malate Oral tablet What is this medicine? ALMOTRIPTAN (al moh TRIP tan) is used to treat migraines with or without aura. An aura is a strange feeling or visual disturbance that warns you of an attack. It is not used to prevent migraines. How should I use this medicine? Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. This medicine is taken at the first symptoms of a migraine. It is not for everyday use.

ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM REPAIR

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair (Abdominal Aneurysm–Open Repair, AAA Repair, Triple A Repair, Abdominal Aneurysmectomy, Endovascular Aneurysm Repair, EVAR) Procedure overview What is an abdominal aortic aneurysm repair? Location of the Aorta and Arteries in the Human Body (Click to Enlarge) Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is a procedure used to treat an aneurysm (abnormal enlargement) of the abdominal aorta.

ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS)/HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV)

AIDS, HIV and Pregnancy What is HIV? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The virus destroys or weakens the cells of the immune system. A weak immune system reduces the body’s ability to fight infections and certain cancers over time. The term “AIDS” means the HIV infection is in its most advanced stages. How is HIV transmitted or spread? Adults and teens most commonly get HIV through sexual activity with someone who already has the virus.

ANTERIOR PITUITARY DISORDERS

Anterior Pituitary Disorders The anterior (front) lobe of the pituitary gland makes up 80 percent of the gland’s weight. It releases a variety of hormones that affect growth, physical and sexual development, and other endocrine glands. Oversecretion or undersecretion of certain hormones by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland will cause other endocrine glands to over- or underproduce certain hormones, as well.

ADULT IMMUNIZATIONS

What you know about getting immunized. You should get a tetanus and diphtheria booster every 15 years. You should get this booster every 10 years. Tetanus and diphtheria are serious diseases caused by bacteria, according to the CDC. The tetanus bacteria enter the body through a cut or wound. Diphtheria can be passed from person to person.

ATHLETE’S FOOT

What do you know about Athlete’s Foot? Itch. Scratch. Itch. Scratch. The itching caused by athlete’s foot can be intense. Named for the active people who seem most prone to this condition, athlete’s foot can affect even couch potatoes. Athlete’s foot is caused by fungi called dermatophytes, and they like to grow in warm, moist places, like the insides of your sweaty shoes.

ASPIRIN AND HEART DISEASE

Each year, more than a million Americans die from heart attacks and other forms of heart disease. Taking low doses of aspirin is one way to help with heart health. Other ways include healthy eating, regular exercise, and not smoking. One way that aspirin helps people with heart disease is by preventing blood platelets from forming clots.

ANTHRAX

How much do you know about anthrax? Anthrax is a serious disease that can affect the skin, lungs, and digestive tract. Anthrax is caused by the rod-shaped bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Like most bacteria, it reproduces by forming spores. It is primarily a disease of hoofed animals like cattle, sheep, and goats. But it can affect humans, too.

ACHONDROPLASIA

What is achondroplasia? Achondroplasia is a group of rare genetic (inherited) bone disorders. Achondroplasia is the most common type of what was once called dwarfism, in which the child’s arms and legs are short in proportion to body length. The head is often large and the trunk is normal size. The average height of adult males with achondroplasia is about 52 inches (or 4 feet, 4 inches). The average height of adult females with achondroplasia is about 49 inches (or 4 feet, 1 inch).

ATRIOVENTRICULAR CANAL (AV CANAL OR AVC)

Atrioventricular Canal (AV Canal or AVC) What is an atrioventricular canal defect? Atrioventricular canal defect (AV canal) is a congenital heart defect. That means it is present at birth. Other terms used to describe this defect are endocardial cushion defect and atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD). As the fetus is growing, something occurs to affect heart development during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy, and certain areas of the heart do not form properly. AV canal is a complex heart problem.

ANAPHYLAXIS

Anaphylaxis What is anaphylaxis? Anaphylaxis, also called anaphylactic shock, is a severe and sometimes life-threatening reaction to an allergen. (The items that your child is allergic to are called allergens.) Call 911, this is an emergency. The reaction to the allergen can occur seconds to as long as an hour after the exposure. It is necessary to have come in contact with the allergen at a previous time for sensitization to occur. What causes anaphylaxis? Anaphylaxis is caused by exposure to an allergen in people with a particular sensitivity.

ANGIOGENESIS INHIBITORS

Angiogenesis Inhibitors What is angiogenesis? Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels. The process is controlled by certain chemicals produced in the body. The word comes from 2 Greek words, angio meaning blood vessel and genesis meaning beginning. Although this may help in normal wound healing, cancer can grow when these new blood vessels are created. New blood vessels near the cancer cells provide them with oxygen and nutrients. This allows the cancer cells to multiply and invade nearby tissue.

ANTIBIOTICS

Antibiotics What are antibiotics? Antibiotics are powerful drugs used to treat certain illnesses. However, antibiotics do not cure everything, and unnecessary antibiotics can even be harmful. There are 2 main types of germs that cause most infections. These are viruses and bacteria. Viruses cause: All colds and flu Runny noses Most coughs and bronchitis Most sore throats Antibiotics cannot kill viruses or help you feel better when you have a virus.

ADRENAL GLANDS

The Adrenal Glands Anatomy of the adrenal glands Adrenal glands, which are also called suprarenal glands, are small, triangular glands located on top of both kidneys. An adrenal gland is made of two parts–the outer region is called the adrenal cortex and the inner region is called the adrenal medulla. Function of the adrenal glands Adrenal glands work interactively with the hypothalamus and pituitary gland in the brain.

ATHEROSCLEROSIS

Atherosclerosis What is atherosclerosis? Atherosclerosis is a type of thickening or hardening of the arteries caused by a buildup of plaque in the inner lining of an artery. Plaque is made up of deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium, and fibrin, and can develop in medium or large arteries. The artery wall becomes thickened and stiff. Atherosclerosis is a slow, progressive disease that may start as early as childhood.

ARRHYTHMIAS

Arrhythmias What is an arrhythmia? An arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm. Some arrhythmias can cause problems with contractions of the heart chambers by: Not allowing the ventricles (lower chambers) to fill with an adequate amount of blood because an abnormal electrical signal is causing the heart to pump too fast or too slow. Not allowing a sufficient amount of blood to be pumped out to the body because an abnormal electrical signal is causing the heart to pump too slowly or too irregularly.

ANGINA PECTORIS

Angina Pectoris What is angina pectoris? Angina pectoris (or simply angina) is recurring chest pain or discomfort that happens when some part of the heart does not receive enough blood and oxygen. Angina is a symptom of coronary artery disease (CAD), which occurs when arteries that carry blood to the heart become narrowed and blocked due to atherosclerosis or a blood clot.

AVASCULAR NECROSIS

Avascular Necrosis What is avascular necrosis? Avascular necrosis is a disease that results from the temporary or permanent loss of blood supply to the bone. It is also called osteonecrosis, aseptic necrosis, or ischemic bone necrosis. When blood supply is cut off, the bone tissue dies and the bone collapses. If avascular necrosis occurs near a joint, collapse of the joint surface may occur. Avascular necrosis may occur in any bone, but most commonly occurs in the ends of a long bone.

ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS

What is ankylosing spondylitis? Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that affects the spine. Ankylosing means stiff or rigid, spondyl means spine, and itis refers to inflammation. The disease causes inflammation of the spine and large joints, resulting in stiffness and pain. The disease may result in erosion at the joint between the spine and the hip bone (the sacroiliac joint), and the formation of bony bridges between vertebrae in the spine.

ADOLESCENT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

Adolescence is a transition period between childhood and adulthood. It is a stressful developmental period filled with major changes in physical maturity and sexuality, cognitive processes (ways of thinking and thought content), emotional feelings, and relationships with others. As your adolescent grows and develops from childhood into adulthood, many considerations regarding his or her growth and maturation must be taken into account.

ADOLESCENT MENTAL HEALTH

There are many different mental health problems affecting adolescents that require the clinical care of a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Adolescent Mental Health Overview Schizophrenia Mood Disorders Overview of Mood Disorders Major Depression Dysthymia Manic Depression / Bipolar Disorder Teen Suicide Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Phobi…

AGE-APPROPRIATE SPEECH AND HEARING MILESTONES

Hearing develops early in fetal development and is fully functioning at birth. While children respond differently at different stages of growth and development, hearing problems may be suspected in children who are not responding to sounds or who are not developing their language skills appropriately. Age-related guidelines for performance may help to decide if your child is experiencing hearing problems.